Saarbrücken is the capital of the Federal State Saarland, Germany, its administrative, economic, cultural and educational centre. The city is located next to the French boarder and in close proximity to Luxembourg. Saarbrücken was created in 1909 by the merger of three towns, Saarbrücken, St. Johann, and Malstatt-Burbach. It was the industrial and transport centre of the Saar coal basin, the centre for steel production and related heavy industries. After the two World Wars, in 1920-1935 and in 1947-1956, Saarbrücken was under the French administration and was fully re-integrated back to Germany in 1957. Still, the city and the region bear many signs of different cultures and traditions, it is a centre of Mosel-Saar-Ruwer wine making region with unique concentration of Michelin-star restaurants, as well as historical and natural landmarks.
The world's coal and steel crisis of the 1970ths was a trigger to a change of the focus of economic activities in the city and the region. Since then, the implementation of the regional Innovation Strategy has drastically changed the economic landscape putting to the leading roles such industries as automotive, IT and bio-technologies, including Pharma. Saarland University, located in Saarbrücken, is a catalyst for the transformation. Its campus is a home to Max Plank Institutes for Informatics and Software Systems, German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI), Helmholz Centre for Information Security (CISPA) and University Departments with high standing in Europe and the world.